Burnout velvet is a type of velvet fabric that has a unique, decorative pattern created by a chemical etching process. The fabric is treated with a resist, which prevents the dye from penetrating certain areas, leaving a design on the surface. The resulting fabric has a raised, velvety pattern against a sheer or semi-sheer background, giving it a luxurious, decorative look.
Burnout velvet is often used in home decor, such as curtains, throw pillows, and upholstery, to add texture and interest to a room. It can also be used in clothing and accessories, adding a touch of sophistication to the garment. However, because of the delicate nature of the fabric, it may not be suitable for heavy use or for items that will be exposed to rough wear and tear.
Pros and Cons of Burnout Velvet Fabric
When used as a sofa fabric
, burnout velvet offers a unique, eye-catching look that can add depth and texture to a room. The soft, plush texture of velvet is also comfortable to the touch, making it a popular choice for sofas and other upholstered furniture.
However, burnout velvet
is also a delicate fabric that can be prone to crushing and snagging, so it may not be the best choice for high-traffic areas or for homes with children or pets. Additionally, the sheer background of burnout velvet may be more prone to fading or staining than solid velvet, so be sure to consider the maintenance requirements of the fabric before purchasing it for use on a sofa or other piece of furniture.
How Burnout Velvet Fabric is Made
Dyeing the fabric: The base fabric, usually made of silk, rayon, or a blend of synthetic fibers, is dyed to the desired color.
Applying the resist: A chemical resist is then applied to specific areas of the fabric using a screen printing process. The resistance blocks the dye from penetrating the fabric in these areas.
Etching the fabric: The fabric is then placed in an acid bath, which etches away the unprotected fibers and reveals the sheer or semi-sheer background underneath.
Washing and finishing: The fabric is then washed to remove any residual chemicals and soften the texture. Finally, it is dried and inspected to ensure that the desired pattern and texture have been achieved.
The result is a luxurious, velvety fabric with a decorative pattern created through the etching process. The raised, velvety areas are soft to the touch and provide a contrast to the sheer or semi-sheer background, creating a unique and decorative look.